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Forum: Infectious Diseases

Infectious diseases are organism-caused disorders; organisms such as viruses, bacteria, fungi or parasites. Many of the organisms living in the human body are not harmful, and are even helpful. However, there are still some organisms which cause diseases. This forum is for discussing infectious diseases

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  1. Anthrax is a serious disease for which the bacterium Bacillus anthracis is responsible, with most forms being lethal, and affecting mostly animals. It is contagious and can be transmitted through consumption of or contact with infected meat. This is the forum for discussing anything related to this health condition

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  2. Brucellosis is an infectious disease caused the Brucella bacteria which spread to humans from animals. Some Brucella bacteria strains are seen in cows, while some occur in pigs, dogs, sheep, camels and goats. This is the forum for discussing anything related to this health condition

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  3. Chicken Pox is an infectious disease responsible for a rash of itchy inflamed blisters and a mild fever, for which the herpes zoster virus is responsible, and mainly affecting children, who usually are immune afterward. This is the forum for discussing anything related to this health condition

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  4. Chikungunya is the illness caused by the virus spreading through mosquito bites, and the most common symptoms are joint pain, fever, headache, joint swelling, muscle pain and rash. This is the forum for discussing anything related to this health condition

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  5. Cholera is an often fatal and infectious bacterial disease of the small intestine, generally suffered after being infected through water supplies, with symptoms including diarrhea and severe vomiting. This is the forum for discussing anything related to this health condition

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  6. Cold is the condition characterized by a runny nose, nonstop sneezing and scratchy throat. This is the forum for discussing anything related to this health condition

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  7. Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) is a degenerative, rare and invariably fatal disorder of the brain, usually appearing in later life and running a rapid course, symptoms resembling those of other dementia-like brain disorders, such as Alzheimer's. This is the forum for discussing anything related to this health condition

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  8. Dengue fever is a mosquitoe-transmitted disease caused by a family of viruses. The acute illness of sudden onset starts after a benign course with symptoms including fever, headache, exhaustion, lymphadenopathy (swollen lymph nodes), severe muscle and joint pain and rash. This is the forum for discussing anything related to this health condition

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  9. Diphtheria is a highly contagious and an acute bacterial disease responsible for the formation of a false membrane in the throat, thus making breathing and swallowing to be difficult; inflammation of the mucous membranes; and potentially fatal nerve and heart damage by a bacterial toxin in the blood. Immunization has made this to be now rare in developed countries. This is the forum for discussing anything related to this health condition

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  10. Ebola is a deadly and rare disease caused after being infected by one of the Ebola virus strains. It causes disease in humans and non-human primates (gorillas, monkeys, and chimpanzees). The disease is caused by infection with genus Ebolavirus, a virus of the family Filoviridae. This is the forum for discussing anything related to this health condition

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  11. Encephalitis is the inflammation of the tissues of the brain through viral infections and bacteria (in some rare cases). The primary and secondary are two main types of encephalitis. In the primary encephalitis, the brain and spinal cord are directed infected. In the secondary encephalitis, the infection travels to the brain after starting elsewhere. This is the forum for discussing anything related to this health condition

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  12. Eosinophilic pneumonia (EP) is the accummulation of a type of white blood cell, known as eosinophil, in the lung. These cells disrupt the alveoli (normal air spaces) where oxygen is extracted from the atmosphere. This is the forum for discussing anything related to this health condition

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  13. Fifth disease is a mild rash illness for which parvovirus B19 is responsible, and this erythema infectiosum is common in children. After being infected with parvovirus, a person usually gets sick within 4 to 14 days (in some cases up to 20 days). This is the forum for discussing anything related to this health condition

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  14. Guinea worm disease (GWD) is an infection for which the parasite Dracunculus medinensis is responsible. The Dracunculiasis parasite is an organism feeding off of another to survive, and the disease is spread by drinking water which contains Guinea worm larvae. This is the forum for discussing anything related to this health condition

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  15. Hand, Foot, and Mouth Disease (HFMD) is the viral disease affecting infants and children below the age of 5, though it sometimes occur in adults. Its symptoms include mouth sores, fever, and a skin rash. This is the forum for discussing anything related to this health condition

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  16. Hantavirus is the virus found in the saliva, droppings or urine of infected deer mice and other wild rodents (rice rats, cotton rats, the red-backed vole and the white-footed mouse). It is responsible for serious but rare lung disease known as Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS). This is the forum for discussing anything related to this health condition

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  17. Helicobacter pylori is the bacteria entering the body and living in the digestive tract, with time causing sores, known as ulcers, in the upper part of the small intestine or the lining of the stomach. In some cases, the condition can lead to stomach cancer. This is the forum for discussing anything related to this health condition

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  18. Herpes is the group of viral diseases for which the herpes viruses is responsible, affecting the nervous system or the skin (often with blisters). The oral herpes, also known as HSV-1, causes fever blisters and cold sores on the face and around the mouth, while the HSV-2 causes genital herpes outbreaks. This is the forum for discussing anything related to this health condition

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  19. Hookworm is a parasitic nematode worm inhabiting the intestines. It attaches itself to the wall of the gut using its hooklike mouthparts, puncturing the vessels of the blood and feeding on the blood. This is the forum for discussing anything related to this health condition

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  20. Influenza is the respiratory tract acute viral infection considered to be among the infectious diseases which are life-threatening, with the most common symptoms being a runny nose, high fever, sore throat, headache, coughing, muscle pains and feeling tired. This is the forum for discussing anything related to this health condition

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  21. Lassa fever is acute viral infection found in the tropical region, generally in West Africa. The single-stranded RNA virus is responsible for the fever, and it is animal borne. This is the forum for discussing anything related to this health condition

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  22. Leishmaniasis is a disease fo which the genus Leishmania protozoan parasites are responsible, and spread by the bite of certain types of sandflies. The ways through which the disease can be present are mucocutaneous, cutaneous, and visceral leishmaniasis. The cutaneous form presents with skin ulcers, while the mucocutaneous form presents with ulcers of the mouth, skin, and nose, and the visceral form starts with skin ulcers and then later presents with low red blood cells, fever, and enlarged liver and spleen. This is the forum for discussing anything related to this health condition

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  23. Leprosy is a contagious disease affecting the skin, nerves and mucous membranes, causing lumps on and discoloration of the skin and, in severe cases, deformities and disfigurement. This is the forum for discussing anything related to this health condition

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  24. Lyme Disease is an inflammatory disease first characterized by a rash, fever, chills and headache, and later by possible arthritis and cardiac and neurological disorders, caused by tick-transmitted bacteria. This is the forum for discussing anything related to this health condition

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  25. Malaria is a parasite-caused and life-threatening blood disease transmitted to humans by the Anopheles mosquito. After biting, the parasites transmitted multiply in the liver of the host before the red blood cells and infected and destroyed. If diagnosed early, the disease can be controlled and treated. This is the forum for discussing anything related to this health condition

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  26. Marburg hemorrhagic fever is a severe but rare type of hemorrhagic fever, affecting both humans and non-human primates, and it is caused by an animal-borne, genetically unique zoonotic, RNA virus of the filovirus family. This is the forum for discussing anything related to this health condition

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  27. Measles is a respiratory viral infection that is very contagious disease, spreading through contact with saliva and infected mucus. The virus is released into the air through sneezing or coughing of an infected person. This is the forum for discussing anything related to this health condition

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  28. Meningitis is the inflammation of the meninges caused by bacterial or viral infection, with common sysmptoms such as intense headache and fever, muscular rigidity and sensitivity to light, in severe cases leading to convulsions, delirium, and death. This is the forum for discussing anything related to this health condition

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  29. Meningococcemia is a Neisseria meningitides-caused bacterial infection; when the body is invaded by the bacteria, the meninges (membranes) cover the brain and spinal cord, leading to meningitis. This is the forum for discussing anything related to this health condition

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  30. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a type of "staph" or staphylococcus bacterium resistant to many antibiotics, and when the body is invaded by the bacteria through the bloodstream through damaged or broken skin or during medical procedures, the body can experience infections, leading to conditions ranging from mild to severely life-threatening. This is the forum for discussing anything related to this health condition

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  31. Monkeypox is a disease caused by a germ (virus) and is similar to camelpox, smallpox and cowpox. This is the forum for discussing anything related to this health condition

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  32. Mononucleosis is an infection characterized by the feeling of tiredness and weakness for weeks or even months, caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) spread through contact with mucus from the throat and nose, saliva, and sometimes tears. This is the forum for discussing anything related to this health condition

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  33. Mucormycosis, also known as zygomycosis, is the rare infection caused by organisms belonging to the Mucoromycotina group of fungi. The fungi are in the order Mucorales. This is the forum for discussing anything related to this health condition

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  34. Mumps is a viral and contagious infection common in children before the MMR vaccine is introduced. It is characterized by the painful swellings at the parotid glands (the side of the face under the ears), making the sufferer to have a distinctive "hamster face" appearance. This is the forum for discussing anything related to this health condition

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  35. Nosocomial infections are infections which are acquired in healthcare facilities or hospitals, after the person is admitted for reasons other than the infection. This is the forum for discussing anything related to this health condition

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  36. Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is a disease caused by the spread of a sexually transmitted disease, infecting a woman's pelvic organs including the Fallopian tubes (tubes), womb (uterus), cervix and ovaries. This is the forum for discussing anything related to this health condition

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  37. Plague is an infectious disease for which the bacteria Yersinia pestis are responsible, and depending on sanitary conditions or lung infection, the disease can spread by direct contact, through the air, or very rarely by contaminated undercooked food. This is the forum for discussing anything related to this health condition

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  38. Polio, also known as poliomyelitis, is a viral infection which is highly contagious, and can cause breathing problems, paralysis, or even death. In most cases, it spreads from one person to another when infected feces enters the mouth, or through water or food containing human feces. This is the forum for discussing anything related to this health condition

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  39. Rabies is a viral disease which is saliva or tissue-transmitted from the nervous system from one infected mammal to another. It is a zoonotic disease which can cause acute encephalitis. This is the forum for discussing anything related to this health condition

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  40. River Blindness is a tropical skin disease for which the parasitic filarial worm is responsible, transmitted by the bite of Simulium damnosum (blackflies) which breed in rivers which are fast flowing. It is possible for the larvae of the parasite to cause blindness after migrating into the eye. This is the forum for discussing anything related to this health condition

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  41. Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF) is a disease caused by tick, through the Rickettsia rickettsii bacterium, transmitted after infected tick species bite. This is the forum for discussing anything related to this health condition

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  42. Ross River Virus Infection is a disease characterized by joint inflammation and pain, muscle aches and fatigue, and the person infected can also develop a rash, making it necessary to always wear loose-fitting, long clothes and use effective insect repellents in areas prone to mosquitos in order to reduce the chance of being bitten by mosquitoes. This is the forum for discussing anything related to this health condition

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  43. Rubella is a rubella virus-caused infectious disease, transmitted from one person to another through droplets in the air expelled when the infected person sneezes or coughs, and the virus may also be present in the feces, on the skin and in the urine. This is the forum for discussing anything related to this health condition

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  44. Scarlet fever (scarlatina) is a disease caused by erythrogenic exotoxin (a toxin) released by group A beta-hemolytic streptococcus or Streptococcus pyogenes, affecting very few people with strep infections, such as impetigo or strep throat. This is the forum for discussing anything related to this health condition

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  45. Shingles is a disease caused by the reactivation of a previous infection with the varicella-zoster virus (herpes zoster virus, HHV-3, chickenpox virus or VZV) which leads to a painful localized skin rash, usually with fluid-filled sacs (blisters) on the top of reddish skin. This is the forum for discussing anything related to this health condition

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  46. Smallpox disease is a Variola virus-responsible, highly contagious, often life-threatening and serious infection marked by a rash of blisters (round pox) on the face, legs and arms. This is the forum for discussing anything related to this health condition

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  47. Staph infection is the infection caused by the Staphylococcus bacterium, leading to serious infections of the lungs, blood and heart, or to relatively minor skin infections such as boils. This is the forum for discussing anything related to this health condition

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  48. Strep throat is a disease which is very contagious, and it is caused by infection with streptococcal bacteria, responsible for the swelling and inflammation of the mucous membranes lining the tonsils and the back of the throat. This is the forum for discussing anything related to this health condition

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  49. Tetanus is a serious Clostridium tetani bacteria-caused infection; the bacteria are responsible for producing a toxin that affects the nervous system and the brain. The toxin leads to stiffness in the muscles of the jaw, muscles in other areas of the body. This is the forum for discussing anything related to this health condition

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  50. Toxic shock syndrome (TSS) is a life-threatening but rare bacterial infection caused by Streptococcus pyogenes and Staphylococcus aureus bacteria. Usually, these bacteria harmlessly live on the skin, mouth or nose but can invade the bloodstream of the body and release poisonous toxins. This is the forum for discussing anything related to this health condition

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  51. Toxoplasmosis is a disease caused by toxoplasmas, generally transmitted through undercooked meat, or in cat feces or soil, and in adults, the symptoms generally pass unremarked, but to unborn children, the infection can be dangerous. This is the forum for discussing anything related to this health condition

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  52. Tularemia is an infectious, but rare disease which usully attacks the eyes, skin, lymph nodes and lungs. It is a disease of wild rodents, rabbits and squirrels, and can infect humans through direct contact with an infected animal or from mosquito, tick or deer fly bites. This is the forum for discussing anything related to this health condition

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  53. Typhoid fever is a very serious illness associated with fever caused by the bacteria Salmonella typhi. Also, it is caused by Salmonella paratyphi, a related bacterium responsible for an illness which is not very severe. Usually, the bacteria are deposited in food or water by a human carrier, before spreading to other people in the area. This is the forum for discussing anything related to this health condition

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  54. Typhus is an infectious disease caused by rickettsiae, and the common symptoms include a purple rash, fever, headaches, and usually delirium. Many forms exist, transmitted by vectors such as ticks, lice, mites, and rat fleas. This is the forum for discussing anything related to this health condition

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  55. Valley fever is a fungi-caused disease which enters the body through the lungs, making the individual to feel like having the flu or a cold, and may cause a rash. This is the forum for discussing anything related to this health condition

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  56. West Nile Virus Infection is a condition caused by a virus transmitted by mosquitoes, with the incubation period from infection to symptom being from 2 to 15 days, and symptoms such as headache, encephalitis, meningoencephalitis and meningitis. The severe form of the infection can even cause permanent brain damage, though in rare cases. This is the forum for discussing anything related to this health condition

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  57. Whooping cough or pertussis is a bacteria-caused and highly contagious disease that spreads by sneezing and coughing or contact with secretions. This is the forum for discussing anything related to this health condition

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  58. Yellow fever is a viral infection caused by mosquitoes after the patient is bitten, and some of the symptoms are bleeding (may progress to hemorrhage); irregular heartbeats (arrhythmias); coma; delirium; decreased urination; fever; yellow skin and eyes (jaundice); headache; muscle aches; seizures; red eyes, face, tongue; and vomiting, possibly vomiting blood. This is the forum for discussing anything related to this health condition

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