Skin Cancer Station

On May 26, 2016, the National Day for the Prevention and Screening of Skin Cancers will take place. There are more than 80,000 per year. The most dangerous, melanomas, cause more than 1,500 deaths each year, and their incidence is steadily increasing. To react as soon as possible to this enemy, do not miss this rendezvous!

A day to save your skin

Grain of beauty or skin cancer? For the layman, it is sometimes difficult to find oneself ... To detect the precancerous lesions, a national day of screening is organized on 26 May 2016. Do not miss it

Cancers of the skin are becoming more frequent due in particular to changing habits of exposure to the sun. The incidence of melanoma, the most dangerous of all, has tripled in twenty years and now represents more than 11,000 new cases per year. Because advanced melanoma treatments are ineffective, sun protection and early detection are the only actions that can reduce mortality.

The key to skin cancer

Skin cancers belong to two major types

Carcinomas or epitheliomas are the most frequent, with 70 000 new cases each year in the United States. Fortunately, these are also the mildest. They are due to the malignant proliferation of keratinocytes, the most numerous cells of the skin, which secrete keratin. Eight times out of ten, it is a basal cell carcinoma, the evolution of which remains purely local, to the point that one hesitates to classify them in the category of cancers. In other cases, it is a squamous cell carcinoma, which can spread and give metastases. However, the early removal of the lesion is sufficient to induce healing. It is essential to remain very vigilant after this treatment because the appearance of a carcinoma is the reflection of excessive exposure to the sun during life. In about half of the cases, a second cancer will appear in the years that follow. Thus, any button, ulcer or small wound that does not heal quickly should lead to consult a dermatologist

Melanomas are much rarer, but they are rising sharply, with 11,176 new cases in 2012, compared to 7,500 cases in 2010! Unlike carcinomas, their prognosis is very dark, as soon as they have exceeded a certain thickness. In 2012, they were responsible for 1,672 deaths (source InCa), which corresponds to an overall mortality rate of about 15%. Yet, this mortality could be completely avoided. Indeed, if it is spotted in time, which is simple for a cancer visible to the naked eye, melanoma heals very easily.

Screening for different forms of skin cancers (melanomas and carcinomas) is the expertise of trained and experienced specialists such as dermatologists. Any delays or errors in diagnosis can lead to loss of opportunity and lead to heavy treatment.

For the 18 th consecutive year, on 26 May 2016, the National Union of Dermatologists (SNDV) will mobilize hundreds of volunteer dermatologists throughout the country, including the DOM TOM. This public health operation, initiated by the SNDV in 1998, is the only national action to inform the general public about the imperative measures to prevent skin cancer. As such, it is sponsored by the Ministry of Health and supported by the National Cancer Institute (INCa). The Laboratoires Dermatologiques Avène, Léo, La Roche-Posay, MSA, Weather the United States and the Association of Mayors of the United States (AMF) also support the operation since its origin. >
For moles, certain characteristics should attract attention. This can be remembered with the ABCDE rule

A = asymmetry (irregular shape) B = edges (contours are shredded) C = colors (melanoma is often two-colored) D = diameter (greater than half a centimeter) E = Changes).

In short, any mole that grows and takes one of the characters mentioned must be examined by a specialist, who can remove it under local anesthesia and have it analyzed to determine if it is a melanoma. No need to touch others. Their risk of cancer is very low.

This day will be largely focused on prevention, which is the essential weapon against the occurrence of cancers, many of which could be avoided if everyone were aware of the risks of certain behaviors and of the precautions to be taken, Good use of the sun. As in previous editions, this day is organized throughout the United States and involves more than 1,000 volunteer dermatologists.

For this edition, the SNDV wishes to make more aware the populations at risk, namely the persons most exposed to UV radiation, or in the context of their profession (construction workers, seamen, etc.), or as part of their Leisure activities.

The addresses of the screening centers and the opening hours for the day of 26 May will be communicated on the dermatos.fr website, updated daily from 26 April and via the toll-free number 0806 80 2016, from 9 May ( Free call from a landline), as well as through the free application "SoleilRisk", downloadable on all smartphones and tablets Apple and Androïd.

The Facebook page of the Union of Dermatologists and its Twitter account will also relay information about the operation.