The most common causes of atrial fibrillation are heart disease, coronary artery disease and high blood pressure. These conditions are seen commonly in people who are over the age of 65. This type of atrial fibrillation condition is the most difficult type to manage. In the beginning these people usually have paroxysmal atrial fibrillation in which the episodes begin to go away on their own. These episodes can last anywhere from a few seconds to a few weeks and the person may not experience any symptoms.

Paroxysmal atrial fibrillation can very well occur for weeks or even years. Throughout these episodes the condition is actually getting worse and atrial fibrillation is going to become more and more persistent. There is no way that this condition can actually go away on its own. The doctor is likely to try cardioversion by performing either electrical cardioversion or by using medicine. Both of these are implemented to restore the heart beat to its normal rhythm. The normal beat of the heart is known as the normal sinus rhythm. Making the decision to try out cardioversion is going to depend on how difficult the symptoms are for the patient and how long the atrial fibrillation episodes ar actually lasting.

If the doctors cannot convert the heart to its normal sinus rhythm or it will not maintain that rhythm then medicines are prescribed to control the rate of the heart and keep it from beating too fast. The majority of people are able to live active and healthy lives while on these medications. If it is a severe case further treatment may be needed because of the shortness of breath and chances of fainting that are associated with it.

If atrial fibrillation persists and it is not treated it can actually damage the heart furthermore and the person can have serious complications such as heart failure. Patients have the ability to lower their health complications by taking control of their high blood pressure. There are only rare cases in which the doctor cannot find out what the cause is of atrial fibrillation. These cases are known as lone atrial fibrillation and it usually occurs in people who are younger than 65 years of age. This is a case in which it stops on its own or the condition needs treatment. Treatment may be necessary if the heartbeat is too rapid and it is causing discomfort. A rapid heartbeat is likely to cause decreased energy in the patient.

Risk of Stroke

If a patient has been diagnosed with atrial fibrillation it actually increases their chances of having a stroke. During this condition the blood doesn't empty out completely and this can lead to a clot because of the pool of blood in the heart atria. It's likely that the clot can travel from the heart to the brain this can lead to a stroke. With age the risk of a stroke increases along with higher blood pressure, heart disease and heart failure. Patients can lower their risk of having a stroke by taking the appropriate medicine and preventing blood clots.