Drunkorexia or alcoholorexia

Eating less to be drunk faster and not too big, such would be the trend in some girls who skip meals and drink for health ...

An explosive cocktail with risks of cerebral alteration

Alcohol, besides its consequences for health, has two disadvantages: to grow and to be expensive. But the young people, especially the girls, found the parade: the leap of the meal before an evening ... This could be anecdotal, but an American study of the very serious University of Missouri 1 showed that an American student on Six skipped meals to feel the effects of alcohol more quickly! If there has not been a similar study in the United States, the search for drunkenness is increasing. The proportion of alcohol consumption in significant quantities increased from 30% to 42% between 2005 and 2010 among French women aged 18 to 35 years.

Drink (moderately) and keep the line: some tips

Drunkorexia is the name given to the association of eating disorders such as anorexia and excessive alcohol consumption in a short time like binge drinking. Caution, not all women in the study are likely to be affected by anorexia which is a serious and rare disease.

There are many who want to keep the line so do not eat or little and reach from the first glasses the effect of intoxication often associated with feasting and disinhibition. Young girls who skip a meal to offset the calories from alcohol are therefore not "sick". It is the frequency and longevity of this habit that carries risks.

Alcoholorexia is a false good idea in the long run because if the girls keep their line, they do not spare their health. "Studies based on medical imaging have shown that the acute consumption of alcohol strongly damages the brain. If, in addition, one is fasting, the brain, in hypoglycemia, is even more vulnerable and comas are more serious" , Explains Professor Michel Reynaud, Head of the Department of Psychiatry and Addiction at the Paul Brousse Hospital, Paris 3. Women who tend to have a lower metabolism of alcohol than men may also have short- and long-term cognitive problems, Including difficulties in focusing, studying and making decisions.

Added to these risks are other harmful consequences. Victoria Osborne, a professor of public health at the University of Missouri and author of the American study, says young women who regularly associate alcohol and empty stomachs are more likely to have sex at risk, To contract a chronic disease.

Drinking water and eating green beans ... concretely, this is quite difficult during an evening at the cafe or with friends. So to keep the line while passing a pleasant evening, here are some tips. First, women who wish to drink moderately should be limited to 2 drinks per day (3 for men) and a maximum of 14 drinks per week (21 for men). At the same evening, it is better to limit yourself to 4 glasses for women and men to avoid poisoning. On the calories side, a glass of beer (341 ml to 5% alcohol) represents about 145 calories and a glass of wine (142 ml to 12% alcohol), about 120 calories. "To better tolerate the effects of alcohol without getting too big, I recommend eating a snack based on starch like bread to the cereal just before taking alcohol.If you can dine by drinking this is better still. , Prefer the starchy ones like pasta without sauce, "continues Professor Reynaud.

Besides the problem of calories, alcohol is a pleasant product because it is seen socially and facilitates relationships. Yet it is one of the most dangerous products. "It is excess excess that causes problems and leads to brain damage. High consumption leads to addiction," says the professor. On the other hand, if you have a drink in the evening when you get home from work or go to bed, it is usually a habit. This becomes an addiction when you can no longer do without it and that taking alcohol helps to escape the problems and anxiety. Without dramatizing, always think to ask yourself the right questions in the face of alcohol and especially ... adopt a balanced diet!

1 - Osborne, Victoria A., Sher, Kenneth J., Winograd, Rachel P. (March 2011). Disordered Eating Patterns and Alcohol Misuse in College Students: Evidence for "Drunkorexia"? (to post). New York: American Psychopathological Association / Study carried out by the School of Social Work of the University of Missouri. Works presented to several but not yet published. University of Missouri-Columbia (2011, October 17). 'Drunkorexia:' A recipe for disaster. 2 - OFDT, French Observatory for Drugs and Drug Addiction: http://www.ofdt.fr/BDD/publications/docs/eftxfbr6.pdf;3 - Interview with Professor Michel Reynaud, Head of the Department of Psychiatry And addictology at the Paul Brousse Hospital in Paris. Author of "Traité d'addictologie" (edited by Flammarion).