Deadly bites

First responsible for allergic stings: hymenoptera, which are represented in our latitudes by bees, wasps, hornets and bumblebees. Sometimes severe, these allergic reactions can be immediate or delayed (during the second bite). From prevention to treatment, everything to get you out of this bee-eater!

Some tips to protect yourself

Like so many people, you do not enjoy seeing wasps and hornets turning you around. Rightly, you dread their very painful stings. But if you are not allergic, you should get away with a button that will disappear quickly. If, on the other hand, you are sensitive to the allergens contained in their venom, you have every reason to worry and exercise utmost caution, the consequences can be serious.

How to react in the event of a sting?

Less than one in 100 people would be allergic to hymenoptera venom, ie wasps, bees, bumble bees or hornets. Yet each year the bites of these insects cause about twenty deaths.

In case of bites, one can observe two types of reaction

These general reactions can be serious and sometimes fatal. They occur mainly in people who have already experienced a generalized reaction to a hymenopteran sting. While it takes several hundred bites to kill a non-allergic person, a single bite is enough for a person sensitized to this venom.

Allergy sufferers should limit the risk. Thus, they are advised

If these insects rotate around you, do not make great gestures to keep them away and stay calm.

Local reactions require the quickest ablation of the dart, when it is stuck in the skin, taking care not to squeeze on the venom gland, and the local application of a disinfectant solution.

If there are signs of a general reaction, in the case of a sting on the face or in the mouth, and in case of multiple bites, call Center 15 immediately. The SAMU doctor will indicate the procedure to be followed, Arrival of rescue.

People who have had an allergic reaction to Hymenoptera venoms always have a ready-to-use injectable adrenaline kit, which is prescribed by a doctor and can be used by the patient himself or his entourage.

Finally, it should be known that desensitization is particularly effective for this type of allergy. According to Dr. Pierre Hordé, an allergist, "Hymenoptera venoms have a success rate of more than 90%." This treatment is carried out in hospital over one to four days according to the protocol used and then continues to the attending physician.

Allergy treatments

Local reactions, with pain, redness and induration at the level of the sting; General reactions, with general eruption, edema at the level of the face, breathing difficulties with whistling, even uneasiness with fall of the tension. Br>
Avoid walking or picnicking near a beekeeping area, Never walk barefoot in the grass, Avoid the use of perfumes or toilet waters as they attract insects, Wear clothes covering the body well and light colored (dark colors attract biting insects); quickly serve the table for meals taken outdoors. The meat, but also the melons and all the sugary substances, attract undesirably these hosts; In the presence of a swarm of bees or a wasp nest near a dwelling, have it destroyed by a Disinsection, or, in case of emergency, by the fire brigade.