Gestational diabetes is a condition where the glucose levels are recognized when a pregnancy has occurred. This occurs in a very small amount of pregnancies.

The majority of women have some impaired glucose intolerance because of their hormonal changes that happen throughout pregnancy. Their blood sugar could be much higher than normal but not high enough to have diabetes. Throughout the later part of their pregnancy these changes may happen in pregnant women.

Throughout pregnancy a woman's hormone levels in the placenta are increased. This helps to shift the nutrients from the mother to the unborn child. There are other hormones that are created by the placenta to help the mother prevent the development of low blood sugar.

Throughout the pregnancy, hormones may lead to some impaired glucose intolerance. In order to decrease blood sugar levels the body may make more insulin so that the cell's glucose can be used for the purpose of energy.

It's often that the pancreas can produce more insulin so that it can overcome the effect of pregnancy hormones on the blood sugar levels. If the pancreas doesn't have the ability to produce the sufficient insulin, the blood sugar rises. This results in gestational diabetes.

Gestational Diabetes and Complications

The development of the fetus can be affected by Diabetes throughout the pregnancy. In its early stages the diabetes may result in birth defects and she may be more prone to having a miscarriage. If a birth defect does occur it may affect the major organs of the baby.

After the second trimester the diabetes can result in over nutrition. When there is too much nutrition the baby may grow to be larger and this increases its risk throughout labor. Large babies usually require a different kind of delivery called a caesarean delivery.

If there is over nutrition occurring in the fetal the blood sugar of the baby can drop extremely low after it has been born because it isn't getting the high blood sugar from its mother.

With the right form of treatment you can deliver a baby without complications, even though you suffer from diabetes.

Who is Susceptible to Gestational Diabetes?

These factors can increase the patient's risk of developing gestational diabetes throughout pregnancy:

  • Sugar in urine
  • Ethnicity
  • Being overweight
  • Too much amniotic fluid
  • Gestational diabetes with a pregnancy before the current one
  • Having given birth to a stillborn child
  • Giving birth to a child that was more than 9 pounds
  • Family history
  • Impaired glucose