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Thread: All about cold and flu

  1. #1

    All about cold and flu

    The majority of people have experienced the common cold and flu. It may happen 4-5 times a year for some people. The runny nose and scratchy throat is some of the first signs of a cold. Do you know what a cold actually is? Do you know what the cause of it is, and how you can prevent it from coming on and affecting your health?

    Defining the common cold is defining a group of symptoms that are in the upper respiratory tract. This is the result of many different viruses. There are more than 200 viruses that can cause this and it is usually the result of the rhinovirus, although the corona viruses also cause a percentage of the colds. Although it is common, it is mild and the main reason as to why people take sick days from school and work.

    How the Common Cold Starts

    The common cold is contagious. You can catch it from other people who have been infected. This may happen by touching a surface that has cold germs or from coming into contact with someone else's secretions.

    A cold might begin when the virus attaches to the nose or throat lining. Your immune system might send out the white blood cells to attack this virus. Your throat may get inflamed, as well as your nose. Your body might direct the majority of its energy toward fighting, which makes the person very tired and weak.

    There are some misconceptions as to what causes a common cold. There are some things that may make a person more susceptible to catching it. Many people are more prone to catching the cold virus if they are experiencing more fatigue, emotional distraught or just have a weaker immune system.

    Common Cold Symptoms

    During the common cold you may experience some symptoms such as an itchy throat, nasal congestion and sneezing. If the cold is severe and has progressed the person may experience a high fever and aches in their muscles.

    Children and Colds

    It's very common for kids to have a cold often. The main reason why they are more susceptible is because they spend more time around other children. Kids do not have strong immune systems which makes it more likely or them to catch something.

    For adults, the average cold is 2-3 times per years. The number may range. For women who are between the ages of 20 and 30 it is more likely that they will be diagnosed with a cold because they are around children more than men are. People who are over the age of 60 suffer from less than one cold a year.

    Preparing and Prevention

    In the United States most colds happen during the cold seasons. They start during the summer and increase until the cold seasons end.

    There are some weather conditions that can affect some people obtaining a cold. The most common ones survive better when there is a low amount of humidity in the air. Cold weather allows the inside of the nose to remain dry. This makes it much easier to obtain an infection.

    Calling a Doctor

    Common colds are not bacterial they are viral. There are many people to keep asking their doctors for medicine when they are experiencing a cold. Although the antibiotics kill bacteria, they do not pertain to viruses. An antibiotic does not help when a person has a cold.

    Most colds last for about 10 days. If a patient has some lingering symptoms they may need to schedule an appointment with a doctor. At times the cold can lead to an infection within the lungs which end up turning into the need for an antibiotic.

    Symptoms for Cold and Flu

    When you begin coughing and your throat starts to hurt, it can be difficult to determine whether or not it is the flu, allergies or the common cold. There are ways to figure out the difference by being aware of the symptoms you're experiencing.

    Cold Symptoms

    When a cold begins it usually starts with the following symptoms:

    • Cough
    • Fatigue
    • Sneezing
    • Nasal Drainage

    With the common cold it's not likely that you will have any fever symptoms. If you do it may point to an infection therefore, it would no longer be a cold. If you are experiencing a cold for the first few days it's likely you will have a running nose. Over time it may begin to run more and appear thicker.

    Mild coughing is associated with a cold and how long it lasts will depend on other conditions, such as whether or not you have a lung condition. If you suffer from asthma it's likely to worsen if you get a cold. Talk to your doctor so that they can treat you for your asthma simultaneously.

    If it happens to be that you start coughing up dark mucus or you begin to have a fever, it is likely that the cold has turned into a bacterial infection. You should see your health care provider immediately. If it hasn't improved for awhile after treatment you should see the doctor again.

    The symptoms for the common cold might start a few days after you have been infected with a cold virus. It may last as long as a week. Usually, after a week the worst of the cold is over although you may not feel up to part for another week. You are most contagious with the cold within the first few days of having it which is why you should avoid contact with others. They are contagious throughout the first week of having it and they can be passed onto someone you have contact with.

    Allergies vs. Cold

    It's very common that people make the mistake and assume that the common cold is hay fever. Hay fever is otherwise known as allergic rhinitis. If you begin to experience the symptoms of a cold and they are over quite quickly, it is usually allergies and not a cold. Check with your doctor so that they can test you for allergies.

    Allergies are actually the result of an immune system that is overactive. At times the body might act up when it has been in contact with a certain substance or pollen. After it has made contact with it, it releases certain chemicals which can also cause nasal swelling and sneezing. Allergies are not contagious although it can be passed down genetically.

    Recognizing the Flu

    Recognizing the difference between the flu and a cold can be difficult at times. First, you should take your body temperature and see whether or not you have a fever. If you do it's likely that it is the flu and not a cold.

    When someone has the flu it is an infection in the acute respiratory area. This is because of different influenza viruses. This may consist of bodily aches and headaches. The flu will enter into your body one way or another and every time that you put your hand to this area you can infect your body with a virus that is why it is so important to wash your hands or use germ free wash.

    When to Schedule a Doctor's Appointment

    The symptoms for a cold should go away within a week or two and most people do not need any special treatment, unless a newborn is experiencing the symptoms. A cold can take a toll on the body and make it more susceptible to worsening and having an infection.

    If you are experiencing these symptoms and they are not getting any better, you should schedule a doctor's visit. They are going to check you and depending on how bad the symptoms are, they may take a throat culture. They will see whether or not your body is fighting an infection or allergies. If it is an infection the doctor is going to prescribe antibiotics.

    Schedule an appointment if you experience any of the following:

    • Stiff neck
    • Difficulty Swallowing
    • Cold Symptoms
    • Symptoms begin to worsen
    • Shortness of breath
    • Phlegm when coughing
    • Fever that lasts longer than 24 hours
    • Fever that is more than 102 degree F
    • Pain in the nose or eye area
    • Earaches

    You should also get diagnosed by a doctor if you experience the following:

    • Symptoms worsen after the third day of having a cold
    • A newborn infant has cold symptoms
    • You are pregnant or nursing

  2. #2

    All about cold and flu

    set up a rubber maid tote to treat the fish in.... all you need is a simple sponge filter and heater for it.

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