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Thread: What is Absence Seizures (Petit Mal Seizures)?

  1. #1

    What is Absence Seizures (Petit Mal Seizures)?

    Absence seizures is the lack of knowledge of your environment for a few seconds, typically at least 20 seconds. A seizure can impact a little space of the brain. Or may impact the whole brain. When the entire brain is involved, it's known as a generalized seizure. The brainís nerve cells (neurons) communicate by firing miniature electrical signals. Throughout a seizure (convulsion), the firing pattern of these electrical signals abruptly changes. It becomes very extreme and strange.

    Both most frequent types of generalized seizures are:

    - Absence seizures (petit mal seizures)

    - Generalized seizures (grand mal seizures)

    Both kinds of generalized seizures cause a short-term loss of consciousness.

    The person goes back to their regular activities. She or he will not recognize that anything has occurred.

    An absence seizure causes a loss of consciousness for 30 seconds or less. It's hardly noticeable, if at all. The man just stops talking. She or he stares straight ahead and doesn't reply to questions. The seizure is difficult and not long to find. Without them being discovered, someone can have 100 or 50 absence seizures a day.

    Absence epilepsy can start at any given time during youth. Most often it begins between the ages of 15 and 4 years.

    Epilepsy is a brain disorder that causes repeated seizures when it is not treated. A kid with continued absence seizures is thought to get petit mal epilepsy or childhood absence epilepsy.

    Typically, the reason behind the seizures is not known. Genetic (inherited) factors may play some part in the growth of absence epilepsy.

    What causes absence seizures?

    Generally, the brain's nerve cells (neurons) communicate with one another by firing miniature electrical signals, but having a seizure, these signals become strange.

    Absence seizures infrequently result in a real convulsion when the man falls down or failures, and despite losing consciousness, the individual recovers completely with another bad effects or no lingering confusion. These "enchantments" may happen infrequently or several times per hour. In kids, absence seizures may interfere with learning and so are commonly misinterpreted as inattention or impertinence. In regards to a quarter of people who've absence seizures will develop another form of generalized seizure called tonic-clonic, or grand mal, seizures. The great majority of kids, though, will outgrow them.

    Scientists are uncertain of the underlying reasons for absence seizures in most instances. Some research suggests that genetics may play a job.

    What are the symptoms of absence seizures?

    The seizures of childhood absence epilepsy occur somewhat more frequently in girls than boys and generally begin between the ages of four to nine years of age,. They could also occur many times day up to a number of hundreds.

    An average absence seizure includes a sudden lack of consciousness. The kid stare into space and will abruptly cease their actions. They'll not be responsive to voice. The seizure might be related to persistent, purposeless movements of the mouth or eyes (called automatisms). This may contain lip smacking and fluttering or eyelid flickering.

    A seizure normally last between 20 and five seconds and normally stops as abruptly as it begins, together with the youngster resuming their regular tasks.

    Absence seizures tend to occur more generally when the little one is bored, they're tired or unwell. They occur less frequently when the little one is engaged having an action which they love.

    Although uncontrolled absence seizures may influence on the kid's capability to master at school kids with absence seizures generally grow normally. Occasionally prior to the diagnosis of the childhood absence epilepsy is created, memory or a kid's attention can be said to be rather inferior.

    How is absence seizures diagnosed?

    The doctor will review your child's medical history, including:

    - Serious head injury

    - Any history of birth trauma

    - Diseases including the brain, including meningitis or encephalitis

    The doctor will request that you explain your child's symptoms. He/she will ask the length of time they last and how commonly the symptoms happen. The doctor also will inquire whether any other members of your family have had symptoms that are similar or have received treatment for any kind of epilepsy.

    The doctor can do a thorough physical examination. This includes a complete neurologic assessment of your son or daughter.

    As a final part of the diagnostic procedure, your doctor may order an electroencephalogram (EEG). An EEG is a painless test. It discovers the electric activity in your children's brain and interprets it into some designs that are printed. In several children with absence epilepsy, the EEG reveals a certain routine that supports the diagnosis.

    Routine blood tests may follow. These will assess for common medical illnesses that either can mimic cause or epilepsy seizures. Usually, the outcomes of your son or daughter 's physical examination and blood tests will probably be ordinary.

    In some instances, your kid's doctor might get worried that the absence seizures are related to electric abnormality of the brain along with a structural abnormality. The doctor may order a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) test or a computed tomography (CT) scan of your kid's brain. For doing an imaging test rationales comprise:

    - An unusual pattern of symptoms

    - Lengthy seizures

    - Unusual findings on the neurological or physical examination

    - A condition that will get the kid at higher risk of seizures, for example:

    - Head injury

    - Birth trauma

    - Meningitis

    - Encephalitis

    Brain function could be viewed with the electroencephalograph, or EEG, which discovers the electrochemical relay of info from brain cell to brain cell. EEGs will reveal, strange patterns that are characteristic during various kinds of seizures. Additionally, X rays, CT scans, and MRIs of the head can help rule out specific causes of seizures.

    In case a seizure condition such as absence seizures is suspected, the doctor will start by taking a comprehensive medical history, including diseases of the brain like meningitis or encephalitis, serious head injury, or any birth trauma.

    How absence seizures are treated

    By good fortune, most kids (about 70%) outgrow absence seizures by the time they're adolescents, particularly if the seizures grown prior to the age of nine. Until then, when the situation is serious or interfering with the kid's social or academic development, anti-seizure drugs might help control symptoms. There exists a somewhat higher frequency of educational and behavioral difficulties with one of these youngsters although most children who develop seizures with this kind have experienced normal growth and progression.

    Seek Medical Help

    Call your kid's doctor should you see your child has:

    Short intervals of heavy daydreaming

    Staring charms

    Other behaviors that might be symptoms of absence seizures

    In case your son or daughter 's teacher tunes out, complains your kid is just not paying attention or consistently daydreams, ask the teacher whether your kid shows other symptoms of absence seizures. For instance, does your kid:


    Stare straight ahead in the chalkboard

    While daydreaming, twitch

    Request the teacher write down a detailed description of your child's symptoms. Have survives along with the amount of episodes daily.

    After you have this description, check to see whether you find some of the same behaviors in the home. Then phone your doctor to talk about the scenario.

  2. #2

    What is Absence Seizures Petit Mal Seizures

    Sometimes you mistake thirst for hunger, drinking a glass of water can help.Also, do you eat a big breakfast? That keeps you going for the day

  3. #3

    Re: What is Absence Seizures Petit Mal Seizures

    Quote Originally Posted by Donaldpr View Post
    Sometimes you mistake thirst for hunger, drinking a glass of water can help.Also, do you eat a big breakfast? That keeps you going for the day
    Yes! You are right. People usually confuse hunger for thirst. For example, if you want to lose weight, knowing the difference between the feeling of being thirsty and the feeling of being hungry is very important.

    Otherwise, you could be consuming more than the needed calories, which will make achieving your weight loss goals to be difficult or impossible.

    Let me explain the signs of thirst and the signs of hunger to you.

    When you feel thirsty, it is likely that you are already slightly dehydrated, and some of the symptoms include headache, dry eyes, sluggishness, dizziness, nausea, constipation and dry skin.

    Your mouth may feel dry and your urine may also be a dark yellow. Even if you don't feel thirsty, you should at regular intervals throughout the day drink water, and you will not be dehydrated.

    In the case of the signs of hunger, you should be aware that the same part of your brain is responsible for interpreting the signals of hunger and thirst, leading to mixed signals.

    Your goal should be to eat every 3 to 4 hours -- if it has not been up to this, you might not be truly hungry. Some of the signs of hunger are feeling irritable or moody or weak or your stomach feeling empty or rumbling. True hunger does not come suddenly, but gradually.

    As it has been seen that the sensations of thirst are stable and high over the day; there are strong non-homeostatic influences on drinking; there are minimal health consequences of drinking in moderate excess of need; beverages are inexpensive, highly palatable and convenient as alternative way of eliminating thirst; it is socially acceptable to drink in many professional and social settings; and weak compensatory dietary responses are elicited by beverages, it can be said that beverages are an excellent tool for receiving nutrients.

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