Knowing the first signs of an asthma attack

Most often, the asthma attack is preceded by small warning signs: cough, fatigue, runny nose, scratching eyes, sneezing, headache, falling peak expiratory flow ... Depending on the severity of the crisis, You will be able to use a rapid-acting bronchodilator or peak expiratory flow monitoring.

Appreciate the severity of a crisis

There are three main criteria for assessing the severity of the crisis: the intensity of respiratory discomfort, the response to the bronchodilator treatment, the value of the peak expiratory flow rate when its measurement is possible. One of the signs that a crisis is really serious (or will become) is the lack of effectiveness of administered treatment.

Avoid circumstances conducive to the occurrence of a crisis

It is important to know the allergens, irritants and other conditions that aggravate your asthma and take steps to avoid them as much as possible.

Know how to manage the asthma attack

Do not underestimate the severity of a crisis and know how to respond.

Light or moderate attack (all signs are present)

Crisis more severe (only one sign suffices)

Very severe crisis (only one sign suffices)

- Cough, wheezing or respiratory discomfort are present during the activity but not at rest. Sleep is not or little disturbed. Bronchodilators of fast action and short duration relieve well

- The Measured Tip Expiratory Flow is greater than 50% of its normal value and rapidly passes over 80% after taking a rapid, short-acting bronchodilator.

- Absence of improvement or aggravation of respiratory discomfort after the taking of bronchodilator of action fast and of short duration

- Respiratory discomfort is present at rest

- Impossibility to make a complete sentence without resuming his breath

- In the infant: unable to take his bottle without resuming his breath

- The Measured Tip Expiratory Flow is less than or equal to 50% of its normal value and does not pass very rapidly above 80% after taking a short-acting, rapid-acting bronchodilator. Br>

- The measured point expiratory flow rate is less than or equal to 33% of its normal value and does not pass very rapidly above 80% after taking a short-acting rapid-acting bronchodilator

- The lips are blue

- Ideas get confused

- Sweating at rest

- Exhaustion, impossibility of getting up, talking.

From the first signs take one to two puffs or quick-acting bronchodilator inhalations of short duration. These actions can be repeated if the symptoms persist.

What to do: Call your doctor or go to the hospital. In the meantime, intensify the treatment by taking corticosteroids according to your doctor's instructions and repeat the quick-acting bronchodilator intake.

What to do: Call your doctor or go to the hospital. In the meantime, intensify the treatment by taking corticosteroids according to your doctor's instructions and repeat the quick-acting bronchodilator intake.

Sources

Association Asthme and Allergies